Nanotechnology Kidney Disease Treatments
The use of nanotechnology to treat kidney disease offers some exciting
possibilities, including the ability to:
- targeted drug delivery to treat kidney disease
- develop an artifical kidney
The next section provides examples of the different types of research in the use
of nanotechnology to treat kidney disease that are underway.
Nanotechnology-based Treatments for Kidney Disease: Applications under Development
A test for early detection of kidney damage is being developed. The method uses
gold nanorods functionalized to attach to the type of protein generated by
damaged kidneys. When protein accumulates on the nanorod the color of the
nanorod shifts. The test is designed to be done quickly and inexpensively for
early detection of a problem.
Researchers at Arizonia State University are investigating the use of
DNA origami nanostructures to treat acute kidney injury.
mesh containing zeolites have been shown to absorb toxins in
the bloodstream. Researchers believe this nanofiber can be used
in compact and inexpensive blood purification systems as an
alternative to dialysis.
Researchers at the University of
Southern California are investigating the use of
peptide nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery to kidneys to treat kidney disease.
Researchers at the University of California, San
Francisco are working on the development of an artifical kidney that uses
silicon nanopore membranes.