Nanotechnology Kidney Disease Treatments

The use of nanotechnology to treat kidney disease offers some exciting possibilities, including the ability to:

  • targeted drug delivery to treat kidney disease
  • develop an artifical kidney

The next section provides examples of the different types of research in the use of nanotechnology to treat kidney disease that are underway.


Nanotechnology-based Treatments for Kidney Disease: Applications under Development

A test for early detection of kidney damage is being developed. The method uses gold nanorods functionalized to attach to the type of protein generated by damaged kidneys. When protein accumulates on the nanorod the color of the nanorod shifts. The test is designed to be done quickly and inexpensively for early detection of a problem.

Researchers at Arizonia State University are investigating the use of DNA origami nanostructures to treat acute kidney injury.

Nanofiber mesh containing zeolites have been shown to absorb toxins in the bloodstream. Researchers believe this nanofiber can be used in compact and inexpensive blood purification systems as an alternative to dialysis.

Researchers at the University of Southern California are investigating the use of peptide nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery to kidneys to treat kidney disease.

Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco are working on the development of an artifical kidney that uses silicon nanopore membranes.


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