Nanotechnology Made Clear

Nanotechnology in Fabrics

How can nanotechnology improve fabrics?

Making composite fabric with nano-sized particles or fibers allows improvement of fabric properties without a significant increase in weight, thickness, or stiffness as might have been the case with previously-used  techniques. For example incorporating nano-whiskers into fabric used to make pants produces a lightweight water and stain repellent material.

Fabrics: Current Nanotechnology Applications

  • Nanowhiskers that cause water to bead up, making the fabric water and stain resistant.

  • Silver nanoparticles in fabric that kills bacteria making clothing odor- resistant.

  • Nanopores providing superior insulation for shoe inserts in cold weather. 

  • Nanoparticles that provide a "lotus plant" effect for fabric used awnings and other material left out in the weather, causing dirt to rinse off in the rain.


Fabrics: Nanotechnology Applications under Development

Battery created by coating a fabric with nanoparticles

Solar cell fabric using Konarka’s Power FiberTM

Clothing protective against hazardous chemicals using an honeycomb of polyurethane nanofibers.

Piezoelectric fibers that could allow clothing to generate electricity through normal motions.

Form fitting clothing made using fabric composed of proteins, this material may stretch as much as 1500 percent from it's original size.

Fabrics: Nanotechnology Company Directory

Company Product Advantage
Nano-tex Fabric enhanced with nanowhiskers Water and stain resistant
Aspen Aerogel Fabric enhanced with nanopores Insulates against heat or chill
BASF Fabric enhanced with nanoparticles (Mincor® TX TT) Dirt rinses off in rain, similar to property of the lotus plant
NanoHorizons Fabric enhanced with  silver nanoparticles Reduces odors
More Nanotechnology Fabric Companies

Resources

Textiles Nanotechnology Laboratory at Cornel University

 

Compiled by Earl Boysen of Hawk's Perch Technical Writing, LLC and UnderstandingNano.com. You can find him on Google+.

 

 

Nanotechnology Now

 

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